VdS as a pioneer of innovation

Since its foundation, VdS has accompanied technical innovations in fire prevention and protection with its specialist expertise and defined the conditions for their reliable use. As an independent institution, it constantly paves the way for innovation to ensure optimum safety.

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The electrical coupling of the sprinklers with the fire alarm control panel enables individual digital activation and monitoring of each sprinkler.

If required, the sprinklers can be activated electrically in this way to contain the source of the fire even more effectively.

For this purpose, the fire detection control panel sends an electrical impulse to the heating wire that is attached to the glass bulb or vessel of the sprinkler, causing it to burst.

As a result, the reaction time to a fire is significantly reduced. While at the same time producing a more precise extinguishing process.

The Smart Sprinkler sets new standards in fire protection

VdS tests the first Smart Sprinkler. A further development of sprinkler technology, it enables individual digital activation and monitoring of each individual sprinkler to control extinguishing measures more proactively, quickly and effectively than before.

Functional principle of the Smart Sprinkler

The electrical coupling of the sprinklers with the fire alarm control panel enables individual digital activation and monitoring of each sprinkler.

If required, the sprinklers can be activated electrically in this way to contain the source of the fire even more effectively.

For this purpose, the fire detection control panel sends an electrical impulse to the heating wire that is attached to the glass bulb or vessel of the sprinkler, causing it to burst.

As a result, the reaction time to a fire is significantly reduced. While at the same time producing a more precise extinguishing process.

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Functional principle of the Smart Sprinkler

The Smart Sprinkler sets new standards in fire protection

VdS tests the first Smart Sprinkler. A further development of sprinkler technology, it enables individual digital activation and monitoring of each individual sprinkler to control extinguishing measures more proactively, quickly and effectively than before.

Functional principle of the Smart Sprinkler

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Which extinguishing systems are tested by VdS?
Sprinkler and water spray extinguishing systems, Water mist systems, Spark extinguishing systems, Gas extinguishing systems, Hydrants, Aerosol extinguishing systems, Oxygen reduction systems, Foam extinguishing systems, Kitchen protection systems

Sprinkler and water spray extinguishing systems, Water mist systems, Spark extinguishing systems, Gas extinguishing systems, Hydrants, Aerosol extinguishing systems, Oxygen reduction systems, Foam extinguishing systems, Kitchen protection systems

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Guidelines for
Fire extinguishing systems

Guidelines for sprinkler systems: VdS CEA 4001

With the publication of its guidelines, VdS is committed to ensuring the highest quality requirements in fire prevention and protection. The first German sprinkler regulations were issued by insurers as early as 1906. Since 2003, VdS has been publishing the VdS CEA 4001 standard regulations for the planning and installation of sprinkler systems. The guidelines are published in a revised version approximately every three years and form the authoritative basis for uniform standards for sprinkler systems at European level and beyond.

  • Contract planning and documentation
  • Scope of sprinkler protection
  • Classification into fire hazard classes
  • Hydraulic design
  • Water Supply General
  • Pumps
  • Type and size of sprinkler systems
  • Sprinkler spacing and arrangement
  • Design features and possible uses of sprinklers
  • Fittings
  • Alarms and alarm systems
  • Pipework
  • Signs, instructions and information
  • Commissioning tests and documentation
  • Maintaining operational readiness
  • Monitoring of sprinkler systems

Guidelines for sprinklers: EN 12259-1

The European standard EN 12259-1 specifies requirements for the design and performance characteristics of sprinklers for automatic sprinkler systems. It is regarded as the basic standard for the technical testing of individual sprinklers and was largely derived from the VdS 2100 series of guidelines in 1999. VdS was therefore also significantly involved in the development of this standard.

  • Scope of application
  • Normative references
  • Terms and definitions
  • Construction and requirements
  • Labelling
  • Installation instructions
  • Test conditions
  • Evaluation of conformity
  • Test conditions (normative)
  • Testing the response temperature of fusible link
  • and glass barrel sprinklers (normative)
  • Water flow test (normative)
  • Water distribution test (normative)
  • Function test (normative)
  • Strength tests for sprinkler bodies and spray discs (normative)
  • Strength test of the release elements (normative)
  • Leak test (normative)
  • Testing under thermal stress (normative)
  • Testing the thermal shock resistance of glass barrel sprinklers (normative)
  • Corrosion tests (normative)
  • Tests for the assessment of sprinkler coatings (normative)
  • Water hammer test (normative)
  • Dynamic sensitivity tests (normative)
  • Heat resistance test (normative)
  • Vibration testing (normative)
  • Contract planning and documentation
  • Scope of sprinkler protection
  • Classification into fire hazard classes
  • Hydraulic design
  • Water Supply General
  • Pumps
  • Type and size of sprinkler systems
  • Sprinkler spacing and arrangement
  • Design features and possible uses of sprinklers
  • Fittings
  • Alarms and alarm systems
  • Pipework
  • Signs, instructions and information
  • Commissioning tests and documentation
  • Maintaining operational readiness
  • Monitoring of sprinkler systems
  • Scope of application
  • Normative references
  • Terms and definitions
  • Construction and requirements
  • Labelling
  • Installation instructions
  • Test conditions
  • Evaluation of conformity
  • Test conditions (normative)
  • Testing the response temperature of fusible link
  • and glass barrel sprinklers (normative)
  • Water flow test (normative)
  • Water distribution test (normative)
  • Function test (normative)
  • Strength tests for sprinkler bodies and spray discs (normative)
  • Strength test of the release elements (normative)
  • Leak test (normative)
  • Testing under thermal stress (normative)
  • Testing the thermal shock resistance of glass barrel sprinklers (normative)
  • Corrosion tests (normative)
  • Tests for the assessment of sprinkler coatings (normative)
  • Water hammer test (normative)
  • Dynamic sensitivity tests (normative)
  • Heat resistance test (normative)
  • Vibration testing (normative)

More information:

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Training programmes

VdS is passing on its in-depth, state-of-the-art industry knowledge through its in-house Training Centre in numerous courses, expert conferences and seminars.

VdS-Training Center

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Safety and Security for tomorrow

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Globally active.
Internationally approved.

Globally active.
Internationally approved.

With the internationalisation of the markets, planners, installers and users of fire prevention and protection technology are more dependent than ever on reliable orientation for technical solutions and qualitative requirements.

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Thanks to VdS’s focus on innovation and membership of all national and international standard-setting bodies, our experts help shape the latest technical and legal developments. In this way, we meet the challenges of the future and offer high-performance services that already stand for objectivity, effectiveness and reliability today – even on global markets.

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Minimise risks.
Create security.

Minimise risks.
Create security.

Benefit and profit from our comprehensive expertise and experience in fire prevention and protection: VdS combines interdisciplinary expertise with a unique infrastructure for the testing of components, products and systems for fire prevention and protection in accordance with national, European and international standards.

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